Commonly Used Brand Name(s)Afluria 2015-2016 Formula, Fluarix Quadrivalent 2013-2014 Formula, Fluarix Quadrivalent 2015-2016 Formula, Flucelvax 2015-2016 Formula, Flulaval Quadravalent 2013-2014 Season, FluLaval Quadrivalent 2015-2016 Formula, Fluvirin 2015-2016 Formula, Fluzone 2013-2014 Formula, Fluzone 2015-2016 Formula, Fluzone High Dose 2015-2016 Formula, Fluzone Intradermal Quadrivalent 2014-2015 Formula, Fluzone Intradermal Quadrivalent 2015-2016 Formula
Influenza virus vaccine is used to prevent infection by the influenza viruses. The vaccine works by causing your body to produce its own protection (antibodies) against the disease. It is also known as a “flu shot”.
There are many kinds of influenza viruses, but not all will cause problems in any given year. Therefore, before the influenza vaccine is produced each year, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. and Canadian Public Health Services decide which viruses will most likely cause influenza infections for that year. The antigens, which are substances that cause protective antibodies to be formed, for these viruses are included in the influenza vaccine. Usually, the U.S. and Canada use the same influenza vaccine, however, they are not required to do so.
It is necessary to receive an influenza vaccine injection each year, since influenza infections are usually caused by different kinds of viruses and the protection gained by the vaccine lasts for less than a year.
Influenza is a virus infection of the throat, bronchial tubes, and lungs. It causes fever, chills, cough, headache, muscle aches, and pains in your back, arms, and legs. In addition, adults and children weakened by other diseases or medical conditions, and persons 50 years of age and over, even if they are healthy, may get a much more serious illness that may have to be treated in a hospital. Each year, thousands of people die as a result of an influenza infection.
The best way to help prevent influenza infections is to get an influenza vaccination each year, usually in early November. Immunization (getting a vaccine) against influenza is approved for infants 6 months of age and older, all children, and all adults (including 65 years of age and older).
This vaccine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor or other health care professional.
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A nurse or other trained health professional will give you or your child this vaccine. It is given as a shot into one of your muscles or into your skin, usually in the shoulder area.
Some children may need a second dose of the vaccine. If your child needs a second dose of the vaccine, it is very important for your child to receive the second dose on schedule. If you must cancel the appointment, make another appointment as soon as possible.
Fluzone® Intradermal Quadrivalent and Fluzone® Quadrivalent come with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
In deciding to use a vaccine, the risks of taking the vaccine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this vaccine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Agriflu®, Flucelvax®, Flulaval™, Fluzone® High-Dose, Fluzone® Intradermal, or Fluzone® Intradermal Quadrivalent in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Afluria® is not indicated in children younger than 5 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Afluria® Quadrivalent in children younger than 5 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Fluvirin® or Flucelvax® Quadrivalent in children younger than 4 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Fluarix® or Fluarix® Quadrivalent in children younger than 3 years of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Flulaval® Quadrivalent, Fluzone®, or Fluzone® Quadrivalent in children younger than 6 months of age. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of influenza virus vaccine in the elderly.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of Fluzone® Intradermal or Fluzone® Intradermal Quadrivalent in the geriatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this vaccine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Receiving this vaccine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical ProblemsTOP
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this vaccine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Allergy to eggs, egg products, or chicken proteins, history of—Should not be used in patients with this condition.
- Bleeding problems (eg, hemophilia, thrombocytopenia)—Use with caution. May have an increased risk of bleeding at the injection site.
- Guillain-Barré syndrome (severe nerve and muscle problem), history of—Use with caution. May cause the symptoms of this condition to return.
- Illness with fever, moderate or severe—You may need to wait until you feel better before you receive the vaccine.
- Immune system problems from a disease or medicine—May not work as well in patients with this condition.
It is very important that your child return to your doctor's office at the right time if your child needs a second dose of the vaccine. Be sure to notify your doctor of any side effects that occur after you or your child receive this vaccine.
This vaccine may cause a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis. This can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you or your child have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after you get the injection.
Children who have received a certain brand of the influenza vaccine (Afluria®, Afluria® Quadrivalent) have developed a fever and in some cases a fever with seizures. Talk with your doctor if you have concerns about this.
If you are very sick and have a high fever, you will probably need to wait until you are well before you receive this vaccine.
The tip cap of the prefilled syringe for certain brands of the injection (Agriflu®, Flucelvax®, Fluvirin®, Fluzone®, Fluzone® High-Dose) contains dry natural rubber (a derivative of latex), which may cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to latex. Tell your doctor if you or your child have a latex allergy before you receive this vaccine.
Make sure your doctor knows if you or your child are using a medicine or treatment that weakens your immune system, such as a steroid, radiation, or cancer treatment. This vaccine may not work as well if you are also using these medicines. Your doctor may still want you to get the vaccine because it can give you some protection.