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Palonosetron Hydrochloride

Aloxi

PALONOSETRON is used to prevent nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. It also helps prevent delayed nausea and vomiting that may occur a few days after your treatment. Compare serotonin antagonists.
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What is Palonosetron Hydrochloride?

Commonly Used Brand Name(s)Aloxi

Therapeutic ClassificationsAntiemetic

Pharmacologic ClassificationsSerotonin Receptor Antagonist, 5-HT3

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OverviewTOP

Palonosetron injection is used to prevent nausea and vomiting that is caused by cancer medicines (chemotherapy). It is also used to prevent nausea and vomiting that may occur after surgery. Palonosetron works by blocking the signals to the brain that cause nausea and vomiting.

This medicine is to be given only by or under the direct supervision of your doctor.

Proper UseTOP

You will receive this medicine while you or your child are in a hospital or cancer treatment center. A nurse or other trained health professional will give you or your child this medicine. This medicine is given through a needle placed in one of your veins.

This medicine is usually given about 30 minutes before the start of chemotherapy or right before you or your child receives anesthetic medicine for surgery.

This medicine should come with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow the instructions carefully. Ask your doctor if you have any questions.

Before UsingTOP

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

AllergiesTOP

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

PediatricTOP

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated pediatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of palonosetron injection to prevent nausea and vomiting that is caused by cancer medicines in children. However, safety and efficacy have not been established in children younger than 1 month of age.

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of palonosetron injection to prevent nausea and vomiting that may occur after surgery in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

GeriatricTOP

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of palonosetron injection in the elderly.

PregnancyTOP

Pregnancy CategoryExplanation
All TrimestersBAnimal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.

Breast FeedingTOP

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Drug InteractionsTOP

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are receiving this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Apomorphine

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

Other InteractionsTOP

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

PrecautionsTOP

Check with your doctor if severe nausea and vomiting continue after leaving the hospital or cancer treatment center.

This medicine may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you or your child have a rash, a fast heartbeat, fever, hives, itching, irritation, hoarseness, joint pain, stiffness or swelling, rash, redness of the skin, swelling of the eyelids, face, lips, hands, or feet, tightness in the chest, or trouble breathing or swallowing after receiving this medicine.

Palonosetron may cause a serious condition called serotonin syndrome if taken together with some medicines such as fentanyl (Abstral®, Duragesic®), lithium (Eskalith®, Lithobid®), tramadol (Ultram®), or medicines to treat depression (such as mirtazapine, Remeron®). Check with your doctor first before taking any other medicines with palonosetron.

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