Advertisement

Gemcitabine

GEMCITABINE is a chemotherapy drug. This medicine is used to treat many types of cancer like breast cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, and ovarian cancer. Compare nucleoside metabolic inhibitors.
Advertisement

Gemzar Side Effects

What should I watch for?

Visit your doctor for checks on your progress. This drug may make you feel generally unwell. This is not uncommon, as chemotherapy can affect healthy cells as well as cancer cells. Report any side effects. Continue your course of treatment even though you feel ill unless your doctor tells you to stop.

In some cases, you may be given additional medicines to help with side effects. Follow all directions for their use.

Call your doctor or health care professional for advice if you get a fever, chills or sore throat, or other symptoms of a cold or flu. Do not treat yourself. This drug decreases your body's ability to fight infections. Try to avoid being around people who are sick.

This medicine may increase your risk to bruise or bleed. Call your doctor or health care professional if you notice any unusual bleeding.

Be careful brushing and flossing your teeth or using a toothpick because you may get an infection or bleed more easily. If you have any dental work done, tell your dentist you are receiving this medicine.

Avoid taking products that contain aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or ketoprofen unless instructed by your doctor. These medicines may hide a fever.

Women should inform their doctor if they wish to become pregnant or think they might be pregnant. There is a potential for serious side effects to an unborn child. Talk to your health care professional or pharmacist for more information. Do not breast-feed an infant while taking this medicine.

Advertisement

Common and Rare Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

Bleeding gums

blood in urine or stools

burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings

chest pain

cloudy urine

coughing up blood

cough or hoarseness

diarrhea

difficult or labored breathing

difficulty in moving

difficulty in swallowing

dizziness

fever or chills

general feeling of discomfort or illness

headache

increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding

joint pain

lack or loss of strength

loss of appetite

lower back or side pain

muscle aching or cramping

muscle pains or stiffness

nausea

nosebleeds

painful or difficult urination

pale skin

paralysis

pinpoint red spots on skin

prolonged bleeding from cuts

red or black, tarry stools

red or dark brown urine

runny nose

shivering

shortness of breath

sores, ulcers, or white spots on lips or in mouth

sore throat

sweating

swelling of hands, ankles, feet, or lower legs

swollen glands

swollen joints

tightness in chest

troubled breathing with exertion

trouble sleeping

unusual bleeding or bruising

unusual tiredness or weakness

vomiting

weight loss

wheezing

Less common

Blurred vision

chest discomfort

fainting

fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat

headache (sudden and severe)

inability to speak

nervousness

noisy breathing

pain or discomfort in arms, jaw, back or neck

pounding in the ears

seizures

slurred speech

temporary blindness

weakness in arm and/or leg on one side of the body (sudden and severe)

Rare

Confusion

lightheadedness

rapid, shallow breathing

Incidence not determined

Hives

itching

puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips or tongue

skin rash

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)

hair loss

pain

sleepiness or unusual drowsiness

swelling or inflammation of the mouth

thinning of hair

Less common

Bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at site

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

GoodRx is not sponsored by or affiliated with any of the pharmacies identified in its price comparisons. All trademarks, brands, logos and copyright images are property of their respective owners and rights holders and are used solely to represent the products of these rights holders. This information is for informational purposes only and is not meant to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. GoodRx is not offering advice, recommending or endorsing any specific prescription drug, pharmacy or other information on the site. GoodRx provides no warranty for any of the pricing data or other information. Please seek medical advice before starting, changing or terminating any medical treatment.
The information contained in the Truven Health Micromedex products as delivered by GoodRx is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.
The use of the Truven Health products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Truven Health and GoodRx make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, TRUVEN HEALTH MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Truven Health does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Truven Health products.