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GemzarGemcitabine
GEMCITABINE is a chemotherapy drug. This medicine is used to treat many types of cancer like breast cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, and ovarian cancer. Compare nucleoside metabolic inhibitors.
Prescription Settings
generic
vial
50ml of 2g
1 vial
gemcitabine(generic)
vial
50ml of 2g
1 vial

Gemzar Side Effects

What should I watch for?

Visit your doctor for checks on your progress. This drug may make you feel generally unwell. This is not uncommon, as chemotherapy can affect healthy cells as well as cancer cells. Report any side effects. Continue your course of treatment even though you feel ill unless your doctor tells you to stop.

In some cases, you may be given additional medicines to help with side effects. Follow all directions for their use.

Call your doctor or health care professional for advice if you get a fever, chills or sore throat, or other symptoms of a cold or flu. Do not treat yourself. This drug decreases your body's ability to fight infections. Try to avoid being around people who are sick.

This medicine may increase your risk to bruise or bleed. Call your doctor or health care professional if you notice any unusual bleeding.

Be careful brushing and flossing your teeth or using a toothpick because you may get an infection or bleed more easily. If you have any dental work done, tell your dentist you are receiving this medicine.

Avoid taking products that contain aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen, or ketoprofen unless instructed by your doctor. These medicines may hide a fever.

Do not become pregnant while taking this medicine or for 6 months after stopping it. Women should inform their doctor if they wish to become pregnant or think they might be pregnant. Men should not father a child while taking this medicine and for 3 months after stopping it. There is a potential for serious side effects to an unborn child. Talk to your health care professional or pharmacist for more information. Do not breast-feed an infant while taking this medicine or for at least 1 week after stopping it.

Men should inform their doctors if they wish to father a child. This medicine may lower sperm counts. Talk with your doctor or health care professional if you are concerned about your fertility.

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Common and Rare Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common

Black, tarry stools

bleeding gums

bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet

blood in the urine or stools

blurred vision

burning, crawling, itching, numbness, prickling, "pins and needles", or tingling feelings

chest pain

chills

cloudy urine

confusion

cough

coughing up blood

diarrhea

difficult or labored breathing

difficulty in moving

difficulty in swallowing

dizziness

dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position

fever

general feeling of discomfort or illness

headache

hoarseness

increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding

joint pain

lack or loss of strength

loss of appetite

lower back or side pain

muscle ache, cramps, pain, or stiffness

nausea

nosebleeds

painful or difficult urination

pale skin

paralysis

pinpoint red spots on the skin

prolonged bleeding from cuts

rapid weight gain

red or black, tarry stools

red or dark brown urine

runny nose

shivering

sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth

sore throat

sweating

swelling of the hands, ankles, feet, or lower legs

swelling or inflammation of the mouth

swollen glands

swollen joints

tightness in the chest

trouble sleeping

troubled breathing with exertion

unusual bleeding or bruising

unusual tiredness or weakness

unusual weight gain or loss

vomiting

Less common

chest discomfort

fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat

headache (sudden and severe)

hives, itching, skin rash

inability to speak

nervousness

noisy breathing

pain or discomfort in arms, jaw, back or neck

pounding in the ears

puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue

seizures

slurred speech

temporary blindness

weakness in the arm or leg or on one side of the body (sudden and severe)

Rare

Rapid, shallow breathing

Incidence not known

Blue lips and fingernails

chest pain or discomfort

cloudy urine

coughing that sometimes produces a pink frothy sputum

dark urine

decrease or increase in the amount of urine

decreased urine output

difficult, fast, noisy breathing

dilated neck veins

extreme tiredness or weakness

fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat

general feeling of tiredness or weakness

increased sweating

irregular breathing

itching, pain, redness, swelling, tenderness, or warmth on the skin

light-colored stools

sores on the skin, especially on the thighs, breasts, penis, or buttocks

sores, welts, or blisters

stomach pain, continuing

swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs

yellow eyes or skin

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common

Difficulty having a bowel movement

hair loss

sleepiness or unusual drowsiness

thinning of hair

Less common

Bleeding, blistering, burning, coldness, discoloration of skin, feeling of pressure, hives, infection, inflammation, itching, lumps, numbness, pain, rash, redness, scarring, soreness, stinging, swelling, tenderness, tingling, ulceration, or warmth at the injection site

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

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